Improving Soft Real-Time Performance of Fog Computing

Student   Václav Struhár
Advisors   Moris Behnam
Alessandro V. Papadopoulos
Mohammad Ashjaei
Silviu S. Craciunas
Faculty Reviewer   Ivona Brandic, TU Wien, Vienna, Austria
Grading Committee   Tommaso Cucinotta, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa, Italy
Johan Eker, Ericsson Research & Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Radu Dobrin, Mälardalen University, Sweden (reserve)
Defence   Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden
Room Delta and Zoom meeting (Link will be made public)
September 28, 2021 13:30
Abstract   Fog computing is a distributed computing paradigm that brings data processing from remote cloud data centers into the vicinity of the edge of the network. The computation is performed closer to the source of the data, and thus it decreases the time unpredictability of cloud computing that stems from (i) the computation in shared multi-tenant remote data centers, and (ii) long distance data transfers between the source of the data and the data centers. The computation in fog computing provides fast response times and enables latency sensitive applications. However, industrial systems require time-bounded response times, also denoted as Real-Time (RT). The correctness of such systems depends not only on the logical results of the computations but also on the physical time instant at which these results are produced. Time-bounded responses in fog computing are attributed to two main aspects: computation and communication.

In this thesis, we explore both aspects targeting soft RT applications in fog computing in which the usefulness of the produced computational results degrades with real-time requirements violations. With regards to the computation, we provide a systematic literature survey on a novel lightweight RT container-based virtualization that ensures spatial and temporal isolation of co-located applications. Subsequently, we utilize a mechanism enabling RT container-based virtualization and propose a solution for orchestrating RT containers in a distributed environment. Concerning the communication aspect, we propose a solution for a dynamic bandwidth distribution in virtualized networks.
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Rules for Third-cycle Studies at MDH - Chapter 3.1.7 Public Defence of a Thesis
Instructions regarding public defences and licentiate seminars on account of the outbreak of Covid19 (Coronavirus)
Thesis   Thesis
Included Papers   Paper A: Fog-based Industrial Robotic System: Applications and Challenges .
Paper B: Real-Time Containers: A Survey .
Paper C: REACT: Enabling Real-Time Container Orchestration .
Paper D: DART: Dynamic Bandwidth Distribution Framework for Virtualized Software Defined Networks .
Publications   Complete list of publications

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Last modified: 2023-10-04 09:49:46 +0200